Wednesday, April 21, 2021

Censorship During The COVID Era


Censorship During the COVID Era

Junious Ricardo Stanton


“At least 83 governments worldwide have used the Covid-19 pandemic to justify violating the exercise of free speech and peaceful assembly, Human Rights Watch said today. Authorities have attacked, detained, prosecuted, and in some cases killed critics, broken up peaceful protests, closed media outlets, and enacted vague laws criminalizing speech that they claim threatens public health. The victims include journalists, activists, healthcare workers, political opposition groups, and others who have criticized government responses to the coronavirus.” COVID-19 Triggers Wave of Free Speech Abuse


Even before the World Health Organization declared SARS-COV-2 a global emergency on January 30, 2020, the global oligarchy planned and put into motion a campaign to suppress any discussion, dissent or debate that ran contrary to their pre-arranged COVID-19 narrative and coming vaccine frenzy. We can see it in the recommendations of the 2019 Event 201 Recommendations, specifically recommendation number seven which says, “Governments and the private sector should assign a greater priority to developing methods to combat mis- and disinformation prior to the next pandemic response. Governments will need to partner with traditional and social media companies to research and develop nimble approaches to countering misinformation. This will require developing the ability to flood media with fast, accurate, and consistent information. Public health authorities should work with private employers and trusted community leaders such as faith leaders, to promulgate factual information to employees and citizens. Trusted, influential private-sector employers should create the capacity to readily and reliably augment public messaging, manage rumors and misinformation, and amplify credible information to support emergency public communications. National public health agencies should work in close collaboration with WHO to create the capability to rapidly develop and release consistent health messages. For their part, media companies should commit to ensuring that authoritative messages are prioritized and that false messages are suppressed including though the use of technology.”  (The underline emphasis is mine.)

This was written in October of 2019, lo and behold a few months later along comes COVID-19 and we are seeing their exact scenario played out with information suppression, deplatforming, and outright censorship. I have experienced it myself. One of my YouTube videos was taken down because it went against the WHO narrative. I appealed using verifiable public domain information but they still took it down and threatened to ban my videos if I continued to post contrary opinions, information and policy dissent.

Look at the wording of the Event 201 recommendation number 7; they are calling for massive propaganda to “flood media with fast accurate consistent information.” The last sentence reveals exactly what their true intent actually is; to use technology to suppress counter information and control the narrative!

This encourages fake news. We can see this for ourselves because Anthony Fauci, the WHO and the CDC’s message are anything but consistent! They are a hodge-podge of mixed messages on everything from masks, mortality numbers and the effectiveness of the inoculations yet the controlled media serves as Fauci and company’s guard dogs and gatekeepers. Most people don’t know Bill Gates one of the co-sponsors of Event 201, pays several “fact check” Websites to shill and cover for him and his initiatives.

The Nazis burned books and had a Ministry of Public Enlightenment and Propaganda to brainwash and program the German people but this modern cabal of billionaires embraces technology to brainwash the masses on a global scale. The digital tech giants YouTube, Facebook, Google, Twitter, et al all censor and filter content which just coincidentally always serves the interests of their fellow cabal members and their minions! This is really alarming if you are a proponent of freedom of speech!

Now the government is getting involved and is pushing Big Tech to scrutinize and censor any content on their platforms that goes against the accepted COVID vaccine narrative that the vaccines are “safe and effective”.  Several “Blue State” attorney generals sent letters to Big Tech CEO’s urging them to suppress and delete anything in opposition to the COVID vaccine “safe and effective” party line. You can read the letter and see who signed it here:  

Imagine attorney generals who are tasked with upholding and enforcing their state and US Constitutions calling for open censorship and suppression!? We are going far beyond anything Hitler and Stalin ever did or the blatant state sanctioned intimidation of thugs, nightriders, KKK, the various anti-subversive legislation in the US, COINTELPRO and Operation Chaos of the FBI and CIA respectively.  We have crossed the thresshold into the real time, real life actualization of former CIA Director William Casey’s statement, “We’ll know our disinformation program is complete when everything the American public believes is false.” Welcome to the Brave New World Order.






Monday, April 12, 2021

Spiritual Warfare


Spiritual Warfare

Junious Ricardo Stanton


            “For what shall it profit a man, if he shall gain the whole world, and lose his own soul? Or what shall a man give in exchange for his soul” Yeshua Ben Joseph


            We find ourselves engaged in an epic spiritual battle whose outcome will determine the fate of this planet and humanity. By spiritual battle I do not mean a religious crusade, a doctrinal or dogmatic confrontation or a sectarian battle. By spiritual warfare I am talking about enlightenment versus benightedness, profundity against profanity, righteousness opposing depravity and life itself against anti-life. This spiritual conflict involves the quintessential reality of life, that we are energetic beings infused with a DIVINE ENERGY and INTELLIGENCE that animates all of creation that energy/intelligence is benevolent, nurturing and expansive.

The antagonist is a consciousness that sees itself in opposition to this energy/intelligence, that thinks it can usurp this energy/intelligence’s authority and alter the very nature of humanity and the earth and alter it into its own perverse image. This war is going on now as we speak and there can be no neutrality, you are a warrior, a usurper or you are collateral damage!

            Some might ask why do we have to fight, how do we fight a spiritual war and isn’t the essence of spirituality peace and harmony? To answer these questions we have to fight for survival because the fate the usurpers have in store for us is worse than death! How do we fight, we fight by transforming ourselves using spiritual alchemy to raise our consciousness, our energy and personal vibrations from the base selfish, animalistic, fear based living to a higher level of thinking, living and being; a level of selflessness, empathy and confidence far beyond the myopic materialistic mindset propagated by the usurpers and their minions. We must realize raising our consciousness will bring more peace and tranquility into our lives but our lives will not be without struggle, tension or challenges. These are all part of life and the law of consequence.

            We will have to work assiduously to make our new elevated/elevating consciousness our new pattern and develop ways to employ our empathy and confidence even when it appears difficult to do so. We must realize one of the laws of the UNIVERSE is the law of consequence; every action has a cause and a consequence and the resulting consequence can be opposition or tension that we must subsequently initiate another action to dissipate using spiritual alchemy.

            On the societal level we must acknowledge there are truly evil, wicked and psychopathic people in the world who wish us ill. Human history is full of examples of those who connived to lord it over others, who dedicated their lives to manipulating and exploiting, harming, maiming and murdering people due to their lack of empathy and their lust for power and control.

As spiritual warriors these people are our adversaries. We must see them for who and what they are: people who have forfeited their souls, people who are oblivious to their spiritual essence who have placed a higher priority on attaining “power”, wealth and position, or they are literally possessed by demonic spirits, captive to a consciousness of depravity who love to do evil.

            Modern society eschews any discussion of spirituality except in an extremely limited and misguided way. In order for the usurpers to control us they must keep us ignorant of our true nature, of our power and potential. Now they have moved beyond mere manipulation and ignorance, now they want to transform us and the world! They have and are developing the technology to accomplish this. This is what the trans-humanist movement is all about. This is what the so called Fourth Industrial Revolution is about.

It is no secret. They are openly telling us what their intentions are, “Microchipping, human/computer hybrids, artificial intelligence, and genetic alteration of human DNA using CRSPR and other approaches are all aspects of the Transhuman agenda being advanced by Silicon Valley luminaries such as Elon Musk and Ray Kurzweil, one of Google’s more prominent thought leaders…The leaching of Transhumanist technologies into everyday life is what James O’Dea, former president of the Institute of Noetic Sciences, has called the “mechanization of culture”. For all the seductive benefits that hypertechnology offers, it seems fair to wonder if these strange, unsettling, and in many cases unwanted intrusions into our everyday lives will in the long run ultimately enslave us under the guise of liberating us.” A Peek Inside The Transhumanist Agenda by Tom Valovic

            These people want to play god, they want to negate our very spiritual essence by bypassing our souls and minds and hooking us to a massive computer that they program and control. What?! That’s crazy, what could possibly go wrong; plenty given the history and nature of a debased and desecrated humanity led by psychopaths. This is why we are in an epic struggle and your choices are limited; there is no neutrality you are a righteous spiritual warrior, a usurper/evil doer or collateral damage.



Monday, April 05, 2021

Your Papers Please


Your Papers Please

Junious Ricardo Stanton


“The Linux Foundation has partnered with IBM, the COVID-19 Credentials Initiative and CommonPass, a digital ‘health passport,’ in order to develop vaccine credential apps that will be applicable globally. If the initiative is successful, you’ll likely be required to pull up a vaccine certificate on your phone showing when and where you were vaccinated, along with which type of vaccine, in order to get on a plane or attend an indoor event, such as a concert, for starters.” Think Global Vaccine Passports Are Scary? Wait Until You See What’s Next Dr. Joseph Mercola


The “novel” Coronavirus named SAR-COV-2 and the efforts of governments, public health officials, Big Pharma promoted by the mass media ostensibly to mitigate its spread have wrecked havoc on the world. For over a year we have been inundated with conflicting stories about a virus that has been made to seem like it is the Bubonic Plague or Spanish Flu when all the available data on it shows nothing is further from the truth.  

Algorithm predictions paid for by Bill Gates said five hundred thousand would die in the UK and two million in the US. The UN’s World Health Organization, the Johns Hopkins University Center for Health Security and almost two hundred world government leaders uncritically accepted these Gates’ funded predictions without  question! It turned out to be a false alarm yet the media kept up a fear mongering campaign that has created enormous psychological distress, mass hysteria and maladaptive responses and reactions that are clearly proving to be worse than the virus!  “If, and to what extent, the world has been suffering from mass hysteria or mass psychogenic illness during the COVID-19 crisis is open to future research, even though some observers have made that claim. It is clear, in any case, that the population has been under tremendous psychological strain during the COVID-19 crisis. Especially lockdowns have contributed to a surge in anxiety and stress, which are important ingredients for the development of mass hysteria. In a survey conducted in the US from 24 to 30 June, 40.9% of participants reported at least one adverse mental health condition, and 10.7% reported to have considered suicide seriously in the last 30 days. Additionally, the frequency of alcohol consumption during lockdowns increased 14% in the US. At least some anecdotal evidence points to the possibility of mass hysteria as manifested by the hoarding of toilet paper and other essentials, the masked driving of single persons in their cars, and people virtually not leaving their houses, not even for a walk, even though the risk of being infected outdoors with physical distancing is minuscule. Similarly, some people have been scared by SARS-CoV-2 to an extent not easily explainable by their own miniscule risk of death from it.” COVID -19 and the Political Economy of Mass Hysteria Phillip Bagus, José Antonio Peña-Ramos and Antonio Sánchez-Bayón International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health

To make matters worse, the pharmaceutical industry rushed to develop and market experimental “vaccines” in record time, skipping extensive animal and human trials, gaining government emergency use authorization under cover of indemnity against lawsuits; meaning you cannot sue them if you or a loved one suffers major injury or death! These experimental injections are being paid for by our taxes! To add insult to injury you are not allowed to even question their safety or offer any alternative therapeutic treatment options other than experimental injections! These “vaccines” have been deemed “safe and effective” not by science but by government, Big Pharma and media fiat.

Now governments, self-appointed unelected technocrats and non-scientist bureaucrats are plotting and working to mandate “vaccine passports” designed to limit where and how we travel, trace and track everywhere we go under the guise of “public health security”. It’s just like after 9-11 when the US government passed and enacted legislation that had been written well before 9-11 the USA PATRIOT ACT and the NDAA ( that have transformed society into a not so benign police state ostensibly to “protect” us from terrorists and Jihadist bogymen (many who were on the US CIA payroll). These laws chipped away at people’s civil rights and protection under the law. Speaking of terrorists and loss of liberties, how come the US government is now conflating dissent or disagreement with “domestic terrorism”? We are now all viewed a potential carriers and spreaders when such a notion is so unscientific it’s laughable.

Now global governments, technocrats and the media are colluding to use biometric and face recognition technology to track us, trace our every movement and determine where we go and what venues we can lawfully enter.

This is like Nazi Germany, but their real goal here is to be like China and implement a version of communist China’s facial recognition and multi-faceted digitalization technology to keep track of our every move and transaction.

Why, when has this ever been done as a treatment therapy for a pandemic? What has injection passports and tracking got to do with preventive measures for a virus that has a 98% survival rate?! This is serious food for thought.






Monday, March 29, 2021

A Year Later


A Year Later

Junious Ricardo Stanton


            It’s been over a year since the World Health Organization declared a global health emergency on January 30 2020 despite the fact that except for Italy most of what was called COVID-19 was relegated to isolated parts of China mainly in Wuhan. During that time we have seen over one hundred nations take unprecedented measures ostensibly to “mitigate” the spread of the virus. These nation’s leaders shut down their whole country except for “essential workers” which turned out to be people like sanitation workers, first responders, and healthcare professionals as opposed to many bureaucrats and white collar workers many who had experience working from home.

            What have we learned from this experience? What lessons and take-aways can we glean from all this? First we know that the actions of local, state nation and national governments, the corporate and digital media and pharmaceutical cartels were based on faulty mathematic and algorithmic models. People like Neil Ferguson of the London Imperial College predicted 500,000 people in the UK would die and over 2 million in the US would succumb to the virus. It is globally acknowledged that Ferguson’s predictions were wildly inaccurate. His “predictions” were used to bring life as we knew it to a stand-still with devastating consequences that were far worse than COVID.

The social and economic disruptions of the lockdowns and social isolation have been horrific. Economic privation has worsened due to the shut downs of economies, loss of income and jobs, depression and suicide have spiked and media induced hysteria have been rampant.

A study of COVID policies in South African revealed the adverse impact of the COVID lockdowns were extremely destructive in terms of personal happiness and sense of wellbeing for society in general. Researchers there discovered the negative impact of lockdowns in these specific areas: social capital: unhappier people display less altruistic behavior in the long run (Dunn et al.). They are also less active, less creative, poor problem solvers, less social, and display more anti-social behavior (Lyubomirsky et al.). If unhappier people display more anti-social behavior, South Africa could see an increase in behavior such as unrests, violent strikes and perhaps higher crime rates.

Health care: unhappier people are less physically healthy and die sooner (Lyubomirsky et al.). Additionally, unhappy people engage in riskier behavior such as smoking and drinking, thereby placing unnecessary pressure on national health systems.” The good, bad and the ugly of lockdowns during OCIVD-19 Talita Greyling, Stephanie Rossouw and Tamanna Adhikar

            South Africa is not alone. In the US the lockdowns resulted in: massive spikes in suicide rates and mental health crises increase in drug overdoses and substance abuse, economic devastation, food insecurity and hunger and a surge in domestic violence.

            Yet despite these known facts, policy makers, public health officials and the media still continue to promote and advocate for what caused these horrendous outcomes! To add insult to injury the powers that be are hell-bent on controlling the narrative so that no discussion, debate, alternative options and therapies other than vaccines are considered! What’s up with that? Its okay to admit you made an error in judgment or that your data was flawed. But you cannot in good conscience keep doing the same thing over and over and think you will get a different result, especially when what you are doing has never been done in human history. That is the definition of insanity.

The damage has been done. Now we need to investigate ways to create open dialogue to damp down the division and acrimony, decrease the censorship and work to find ways to restore mental health, confidence and good decision making. Unfortunately we are being driven towards what is being called The Great Reset a social engineering agenda being formulated by oligarchs that like the COVID-19 “mitigation policies” will turn out to be far more disruptive/worse than COVID itself.

A year has passed let us learn the valuable lessons from this experience and move towards real healing, recovery and stability.








Friday, March 05, 2021

Josephine St.Pierre Ruffin


Josephine St. Pierre Ruffin

Junious Ricardo Stanton


            As we celebrate Women’s History Month we will focus on women of African descent who may not be well known but who nevertheless positively impacted their communities, the nation and the larger society. Today we are going to share the life story of Josephine St. Pierre Ruffin an activist, journalist and newspaper publisher in Nineteenth century USA.

            Josephine St. Pierre was born in Boston Massachusetts on August 31, 1842 into one of that city’s prominent families. Her mother was an English born white woman and her father was a Black man born on the Caribbean island of Martinique who migrated to the US and was the founder of the Boston Zion Church. Her parents sent her to Salem to attend schools that allowed African Americans students.

In 1858 at the age of fifteen Josephine married George Lewis Ruffin and the couple established their home in Boston. George Lewis Ruffin was the first Black to graduate from Harvard Law School; he also served on the Boston city council, the Massachusetts legislature and as a municipal judge in Boston. The couple had five children and they were very active in the abolitionist movement.

During the War Between the States Josephine Ruffin was active in recruiting soldiers for the 54th and 55th Massachusetts Infantry Regiments in the Union Army. She was engaged in charity work in Boston. Like many Northern Black activists, the Ruffins saw the Civil War as an opportunity to make ending slavery a focal point of the war.

Following her husband’s death, Mrs Ruffin remained active in social issues. “In 1879, Ruffin created the Boston Kansas Relief Association. The organization was dedicated to helping African Americans settle in Kansas. After the death of her husband in 1888, Ruffin became even more involved in social activism. She became the editor of The Woman's Era, a newspaper devoted to the needs and concerns of African American women.”

She was enthusiastically engaged in the women’s suffrage movement and was a major force in the bourgeoning women’s club movement on the local and national levels. She helped convene several national women’s conventions. “In 1894, Ruffin formed the Women's New Era Club of Boston and served as its first president. She also brought together several African-American women's groups for the First National Conference of Colored Women in 1895. The following year, the National Federation of Afro-American Women, the Woman's Era Clubs of Boston and the Colored Women's League of Washington, D.C., merged to become the National Association of Colored Women.

Ruffin was also active in the women's suffrage and the temperance movements. She was member of the Massachusetts School Suffrage Association and the Massachusetts Moral Education Association. Through these organizations, Ruffin became acquainted with Julia Ward Howe and Lucy Stone. She may have been accepted into clubs for white women, but she still faced racial prejudice.”

 Believing that a national organization for black women was needed, she convened the first annual convention in 1895 which drew 100 women from 20 clubs across the United States.  She named the organization the National Federation of Afro-Am Women, which a year later united with the Colored Women’s League to become the National Association of Colored Women.  Mary Church Terrell was the organization’s president while Ruffin and several others served as vice-presidents.” Josephine St. Pierre Ruffin (1842-1924)

Ruffin stated the goal of the women’s club movement was to get African-American women engaged and into the fore of social change. “We are women, American women, as intensely interested in all that pertains to us as such as all other American women; we are not alienating or withdrawing, we are only coming to the front, willing to join any others in the same work and welcoming any others to join us.”

Mrs. Ruffin was a journalist, editor and publisher. She edited Women’s Era the first newspaper edited and published by African-American women from 1890 to 1897. She was a founding member of the Boston NAACP in 1910 and remained active in Boston social affairs for many years. She made transition on March 13, 1924.




Sunday, February 21, 2021

The Roots of Black ANtipathy Towards the US Medical Establishment


The Roots of Black Antipathy Towards  the US Medical Establishment

Junious Ricardo Stanton


The current global coronavirus situation and the roll out of SARS-CoV-2 injections has refocused attention on the reasons Blacks remain skeptical of the motives of the government, the health care system in general, Big Pharma in particular and why so many African-Americans are reluctant to take the COVID injections. The history and reasons for this skepticism date back hundreds of years to enslavement, through the “Jim Crow” apartheid era to the present.

During enslavement Black bodies were used without their consent for pleasure, experimentation and sterilization while they were alive and for study, autopsy, amputation and dissection (which all too often included mutilation) after they died. In addition to “experimenting” and surgery on live Blacks without use of anesthesia, whites frequently stole Black bodies from graves to autopsy and dissect (mutilate).

“The 19th century saw a boom in medical education, with the number of American med schools increasing from 4 to 160. This meant the legal supply of cadavers was suddenly insufficient and created demand for ‘resurrected’ bodies in both Britain (think: Burke and Hare) and the U.S. 

A group of free blacks in 1787 petitioned the city of New York to stop people from robbing bodies from their graves in the Negro Burying Ground but were unsuccessful. When the body of a white woman was discovered stolen a year later, New Yorkers took action and rioted.”  How Grave Robbers and Medical Students Helped Dehumanize 19th Century Blacks and the Poor by Kristina Killgrove  

Black grave robbing goes back centuries; robbing Black cemeteries was so popular they called the grave robbers “resurrectors”.  Whites paid Blacks to pilfer the graves of newly deceased Blacks so they could be used for their experiments. They figured Blacks in a Black cemetery would be less suspicious. For hundreds of years individual “doctors” and later medical schools used Black bodies without consent or paying compensation to the families! “New York, Connecticut, Massachusetts, Maine, and Ohio all passed anti-grave robbing laws in the first half of the 19th century.  They didn’t work.  Even worse, the laws were particularly ineffective ‘for those groups generally targeted for such activity: African Americans, Native Americans, immigrants, and the poor.’” Ibid

During the early 20th century Rockefeller and Carnegie schemed to monopolize medical education, petrochemicals and pharmaceutical drugs. Using Pasteur’s “germ theory” Rockefeller pushed drugs made from oil and petrochemicals as the solution. Medical schools many supported by Rockefeller money embraced this notion of treatment.

Use of dead bodies (cadavers) became an integral part of 20th century medical education and research, hence the increasing need for free cadavers. Over the years, live Blacks were also used for experimentation and study often unbeknownst to the subjects or their families. While the establishment of medical schools and hospitals increased often funded by oligarchs like Rockefeller, most of these facilities were closed to Blacks. Or they limited Black patients due to government sanctioned racial apartheid.

 The Flexner Report published in 1910 paid for by Carnegie (at the behest of Rockefeller) supposedly to evaluate and standardize US medical education was used by Rockefeller and Carnegie to eliminate competing disciplines and therapies such as: naturopathy, osteopathic medicine and homeopathy but the report also led to the closure of several pioneering Black medical schools.

In an attempt to remedy these conditions Blacks founded their own hospitals, medical colleges and nursing schools. Black morticians used their carriages and hearses as ambulances because white ambulances would not transport Blacks and there were very few places to transport them that would treat Blacks! The sting of this legacy lingers today despite the passage of civil rights and social welfare funding legislation that has mitigated many of these policies.

Here is a list of the historic Black hospitals: Freedman’s Hospital (now Howard University Hospital) was founded in 1862 as part of the Freedman’s Bureau and it was established to address the needs of the newly freed Blacks. It was and still is a federally funded facility. Provident Hospital founded in 1891 in Chicago Illinois by a Black Doctor Daniel Hale Williams to train Black nurses and interns. Other pioneering Black hospitals were: the Frederick Douglass Memorial Hospital and Training School founded in 1895 in Philadelphia by Dr. Nathan F. Mossell and Lincoln Hospital in Durham, North Carolina founded in 1901 by Aaron Moore and staffed by Black doctors from the Leonard Medical School at Shaw University the first four year medical school for Blacks in the US. Lincoln was also assisted by the influential Washington Duke a white tobacco magnate and industrialist (Duke University is named after him and his family). These ground-breaking facilities were all part of the Black hospital movement.

In addition to this sordid history, there is also a long tradition of disrespect, maltreatment and callousness towards Blacks by “medical professionals”, hospital staffs, pharmacists and other health care agents. Until these issues are addressed and rectified don’t expect Blacks to fully trust or embrace the health care system or their programs.




Tuesday, February 09, 2021

Free Afro-American Activism


Free Afro-American Activism

Junious Ricardo Stanton


“The impetus behind the national black convention movement was growing concern over the status of blacks in the United States, with Hezekiah Grice initiating the movement. Grice was a young black abolitionist who had actively participated in antislavery activities with white abolitionists Benjamin Lundy and William Lloyd Garrison, in Baltimore, Maryland during the 1820s, and whose sentiments came to a head after the Cincinnati Riot in 1829, which resulted in anti-black violence.” National Black Conventions and the Quest for African-American Freedom and Progress 1847-1867 Shawn C. Comminey International Social Science Review


When we think of our sojourn here during the British colonial period and following the creation of the United States, all too often we only think of enslavement. We tend to forget or never knew there was a significant population of free Blacks both in the north and the south.

 Free Blacks despite their “freedom” were not integrated within the larger society. While many were successful farmers and entrepreneurs, their lot was not guaranteed because their status was dependent upon the largess of the dominate society.  In fact many whites viewed them with suspicion and fear because they felt free Blacks gave enslaved Blacks ideas and hope about freedom. There was also the issue of competition for work, living spaces and land use, as well as the notion that America was a white man’s nation. This resulted in free Blacks being targeted with recurring violence and organized riots by whites. Free Blacks were not only concerned about their own precarious status but also that of their enslaved brethren.

In the midst of this tension Blacks came together to discuss what they perceived as their own best options and what they could do to better the lot of enslaved Afro-Americans. These gatherings were called Negro Conventions.  “The National Convention met a dozen times before the Civil War in PennsylvaniaOhio, and New York State.  The catalyst for the first meeting in Philadelphia centered upon a proposal by city leaders to oust Cincinnati’s black population as a response to conflict that had emerged over job competition between black and white men.  The Cincinnati Riot of 1829 led black leaders to organize throughout the Midwest and Northeast in protest against anti-black violence, discrimination, and slavery.” National Negro Convention Movement 1831-1864

The discussions during these conventions reflected the social, political and economic tenor of the day. The violence endured by enslaved Afro-Americans and the tensions and conflict experienced by free Blacks prompted free Blacks to meet to discuss their situation. These were not merely meetings to “blow off steam” and vent. They featured serious discussions and often included plans to immigrate back to Africa (either on their own or as part of the American Colonization Society’s plan to establish a colony of free Blacks in Africa), to Canada or form their own independent settlements beyond the confines of the territorial United States (which I’ll share in another article). They often pooled their resources to help the campaign to abolish slavery by supporting Blacks who printed newspapers, pamphlets and books. Others spoke out ardently attempting to persuade free Blacks to leave the US because they did not feel whites would ever open society and allow Blacks to thrive in a completely free atmosphere.

Our ancestors did not see themselves as powerless victims. They fully understood the reality of their quasi free status and they wanted better for themselves and their enslaved people. Coming together to meet was merely one of the ways they attempted to alter their condition and make things better for themselves and their enslaved brethren. They also took action by petitioning the government and by starting their own communities. We’ll discuss this in another article.