Monday, June 27, 2022

Things They Don't Want Us to Know


Things They Don’t Want Us to Know

Junious Ricardo Stanton


The Food and Drug Administration won't have 75 years to release thousands of pages of documents it relied on to license its COVID-19 vaccine. Instead, the federal agency will have just over eight months to do so, per a federal judge's ruling.”

            The US Food and Drug Administration is so thoroughly compromised it is a prime example of regulatory capture. What is regulatory capture you ask? Regulatory capture is defined as: “The concept of Regulatory Capture (Reg Capture) typically refers to a phenomenon that occurs when a regulatory agency that is created to act in the public interest, instead advances the commercial or political concerns of special interest groups that dominate an industry or sector the agency is charged with regulating. When regulatory capture occurs, the interests of firms or political groups are given priority or favor over the interests of the public.”

            The US Food and Drug Administration is not on our side. The COVID injections are a classic example of what is called regulatory capture within the context of a much larger program of government corruption and malfeasance. Most people are unaware the FDA gets a large percentage of its funding from the pharmaceutical industry. This money obviously comes with strings attached. “He who pays the piper calls the tune” is an old axiom that rings true in the case of the FDA and Big Pharma.

The government initiated Operation Warp Speed to supposedly mitigate the spread of the SARS-COV-2 virus in record time compared to the normal research, approval and marketing process which often takes ten years or more! That was the prime reason for my skepticism about the safety of the COVID injections. I feared Big Pharma an industry that routinely break the rules, cuts corners and demonstrates a irresponsible priority of profits over people would use the COVOD crisis as a means to do more of the same on an increased level. The recent history of fines and court settlements by pharmaceutical companies several of whom are involved in COVID shot development and marketing is staggering. Yet pharmaceutical executives rarely go to jail!

When concerned scientists and researchers filed a Freedom of Information Act with the FDA to gain access to Pfizer’s clinical trial data regareding their COVID shots, the FDA hummed and hawed then asked that the information be withheld for fifty-five years!

Yes that’s correct the FDA wanted to treat this like the government treats the John F. Kennedy assassination, keep it hidden for decades. What are they trying to hide? What is it they don’t want scientists and researchers to know? Isn’t the FDA part of the same government public health hydra that tells us to “follow the science”?

Fortunately federal judge Mark Pittman refused to go for the FDA’s okey-doke and ordered the agency to turn over the documents. “The Food and Drug Administration won't have 75 years to release thousands of pages of documents it relied on to license its COVID-19 vaccine. Instead, the federal agency will have just over eight months to do so, per a federal judge's ruling. The timeline ordered Thursday by U.S. District Judge Mark Pittman radically shortens the timeline under which the FDA has to produce troves of documents. The order stems from a Freedom of Information Act document lawsuit by a coalition of doctors and scientists with the nonprofit Public Health and Medical Professionals for Transparency. The group seeks an estimated 450,000 pages of material about the vaccine-creation process during the COVID-19 pandemic, which came into full force in the United States in March 2020. Rather than producing 500 pages a month, the FDA's proposed timeline, Pittman ordered the agency to turn over 55,000 a month. That means all the Pfizer vaccine data should be public by the end of September rather than the year 2097, the deadline that the FDA wanted.”

The documents are being released and the public now has access to them. They are quite revealing. They provide a peak inside the corporate mindset of Pfizer officials. They show an alarming rate of mendacity and falsehood on the test results. 

Pfizer is one of the most heavily fined pharmaceutical companies in the US. A recent study indicated the COVID shots greatly increased the likelihood of hospitalization to the ones taking the jab than the protection from the COVID virus itself.

 But now the bought and paid for “fact checkers” in the corporate and digital media are working overtime to debunk the clinical trial data and keep the truth from being disseminated on a wider basis. That’s why most people don’t know about it and there is no outrage about the corruption and the symbiotic relationship between the FDA and Big Pharma.  This is information the fascists don’t want us to know and they are going to great lengths to keep us ignorant about this.



Thursday, June 09, 2022

Facing the Challenges of Life


Facing the Challenges of Life

Junious Ricardo Stanton


“The only people with no problems that we know of are in the cemetery.” Junious Ricardo Stanton


            Life is such that we are faced with a myriad of situations, circumstances and challenges every day. Problems and adversity are part of the human condition. They are unavoidable; we all have them, have had them or will have them. The solution is not to avoid challenges, they are part of daily living and they serve as a means to strengthen us toughen us and make of wiser if we see them in that light and perspective.

            Some of our problems are of our own making, they are the consequences of our thinking, our attitudes,, our emotions and our actions good or bad. Other situations are thrust upon us by life, by the powers that be and our social environment. Either way at one time or another we will be faced with obstacles, challenges, adversity and problems.

            The great Avatars, teachers, philosophers and mystics wrestled and grappled with life’s vicissitudes and challenges. Many of today’s world religions are based upon the teachings of those wise ones. When we examine their teachings and the ancient folk wisdom of our ancestors we find a deep sense of optimism even in the midst of hellacious circumstances and situations. Some of these situations lasted days, months, years and even centuries. Nevertheless within these challenges, amidst despair, oppression, unspeakable tragedies people found ways to cope, thrive and transcend even the worse of times.

            When troubles come and they will, our attitude about life is crucial to how we cope and deal with whatever we are facing. In today’s era of mass psychology and mass media manipulation we have been conditions to adopt a hopeless helpless mentality. We tend to exaggerate or awfulize the situation or think we are inadequate and ill equipped to thrive in the midst of adversity. The ruling class overlords want us to be in this mindset that is why they exert so much time, energy and resources to program us to be infantile in our responses to life! This allows them to exert more control over us, the more helpless and hopeless we feel the more in control they are. They can sell us their solutions even if the solution is more helplessness and hopelessness.

            The late great Amos Wilson said that in order for this oppressive system to exist the vast majority of African-Americans must be kept out of our minds. “We have stated before, that in order for us as a people to be in the situation we are in and not be in concentration camps and not have guns pointed at our heads throughout the day, we must be maintained in a particular state of mind. In a sense then, we must be literally out of our minds- and we must be kept out of our minds.” The Falsification of Afrikan Consciousness Eurocentric History, Psychiatry and the Politics of White Supremacy page 66.

            The socio-economic-political system we live under is designed to maximize profit for the ruling class; whether that means enslavement, low wages, selling tainted food and pharmaceuticals with lethal side effects, waging war all the time all over the world or stifling our innate genius and potential.

This type of environment: an outer driven consumer based, youth oriented hedonistic culture is not conducive to introspection, developing viable coping skills personal enlightenment and circumstantial transcendence. We have to take ownership of our lives and discover how to be our best self. We are not going to learn how to do it in the American educational system or in the mainstream corporate/digital media.

We can transcend our challenges, we can solve our personal and collective problems, we can move from maladaptive responses to life to enlightened self actualization and competence. We are not helpless or hopeless. Discard self-sabotaging thinking; replace it with self-assurance, critical thinking, meditation/introspection and an innate sense of success.

Life has its ups and downs and bad times don’t last always. We have proven we are resilient. We took on the most oppressive system in the world and won, we just allowed them to dictate the terms of their surrender, and they maintained the status quo for the most part.

We are greater than our problems, we have the internal wherewithal to deal with our circumstances and thrive. We have the capacity to endure horrific situations and our ancestors did so for hundreds of years! We have the same capacities.  Problems are unavoidable they are part of life, so is the process of solving our problems and winning.





Thursday, May 26, 2022

Monkeypox, Here We Go Again


Monkeypox, Here We Go Again

Junious Ricardo Stanton


            “Monkeypox is a pox virus and is related to the variola virus, which caused smallpox. That once dreaded disease was declared eradicated in 1980. The symptoms of monkeypox are similar to but milder than smallpox. Infected people develop flu-like symptoms — fever, body aches, chills — but also swollen lymph nodes. With one to three days of the onset of fever, a distinctive rash appears, often starting on the face. Many conditions can cause rashes, but the monkeypox rash has some unusual features, notably the fact that vesicles can form on the palms of the hands. In this outbreak, a number of people have reported having had lesions on their genitals.”

            The latest ooga-booga from the World Health Organization regarding the emerging Monkeypox crisis is in my view is a replay of the AIDS and COVID scares. Monkeypox is supposed to have originated in West and Central Africa but deeper analysis shows a not in the wild origin but in scientific laboratories! “Monkeypox is a viral zoonosis (a virus transmitted to humans from animals) with symptoms very similar to those seen in the past in smallpox patients, although it is clinically less severe. It is caused by the monkeypox virus which belongs to the orthopoxvirus genus of the Poxviridae family. There are two clades of monkeypox virus: the West African clade and the Congo Basin (Central African) clade. The name monkeypox originates from the initial discovery of the virus in monkeys in a Danish laboratory in 1958. The first human case was identified in a child in the Democratic Republic of the Congo in 1970. Monkeypox virus is transmitted from one person to another by close contact with lesions, body fluids, respiratory droplets and contaminated materials such as bedding. The incubation period of monkeypox is usually from 6 to 13 days but can range from 5 to 21 days.” DON385#:~:text=Epidemiology%20of%20the%20disease&text=There%2

The WHO was used as the conduit to spread massive fear and panic about SARS-COV-2 and give it a perceived status as a global epidemic akin to the Black Plague when it was nowhere near that lethal or dangerous. This is consistent with previous tales of diseases allegedly originating in Africa, among primates, also in keeping with racist Western propaganda that Africa is a continent ravaged by disease, squalor, backwardness and substandard living conditions.

The WHO propaganda sets the tone and tenor for global public health policy. The misery, madness and mayhem of the past two years was the result of WHO declarations, the bogus predictions and elevated numbers of the Gates backed agencies like the CDC,  Neil Ferguson and Imperial College of London. The WHO pushed vaccines for COVID and is pushing smallpox vaccines for Monkeypox. “The World Health Organization (WHO), which we know is actively engaged in bioweapons research, launched an emergency meeting in the United Kingdom to discuss the alleged threat of monkeypox. The United Nations arm claims that ‘cases’ of the disease are expected to ‘double’ from nine to 18, requiring intervention. Authorities are already stockpiling more smallpox vaccines, which they say will treat people who may have already been exposed to monkeypox. The UK government has about 5,000 injections in its existing national stockpile and has ordered another 20,000 as a supplement to that. According to the ‘experts,’ homosexual and bisexual men are the number-one spreaders of monkeypox, so perhaps there will be a ‘remedy’ released just for them to help stop the spread.”

  In addition to the lab origin literature stating exists stating Monkeypox is spread via homosexual activity. “The monkey virus is spreading in many countries in the US and Europe. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), Britain's health officials have decided to conduct raids on various ‘bars’ and ‘saunas’ to identify the spread of the virus this time. Their fear is that the infection has spread mainly from the sex cycle of gay and bisexual men. On May 7, the first monkey pox patient was diagnosed in London. The man had recently returned from Nigeria. Therefore, the experts believed that the person had somehow come into contact with the virus in Africa. But after that, experts were not sure how six more people got infected with the disease. Britain's Health Ministry said six of the newly infected patients were gay and bisexual men. Recently, all six of them reported having sex with a male partner. Not only in Britain, but in Spain and Portugal, 7 and 9 men have been infected with the virus, most of whom are reported to be gay or bisexual men. Britain's health protection agency has also advised gay men to be extra cautious for the time being. ”  

Wow, so here again Africans are being blamed for a disease that is related to smallpox which was supposedly eradicated but we are seeing is spread not from or by Africans but homosexual Europeans! The World Health Organization is Chicken Little, the spreader of panic and is being used to create dread and overreaction in the mass consciousness. Remember it was the WHO that declared a SARS-COV-2 global health emergency in January 30, 2020 when most of the recorded incidents were still in the 1,000’s in China at a time when there were over 7.8 billion humans on the planet! Don’t keep falling for the WHO’s okey-doke.







Saturday, April 16, 2022





Junious Ricardo Stanton


Resurrection: return to life, transformation, rebirth, coming back into notice,


            Millions of Christians around the world completed their celebration of Easter, the essence of the Christian ethos; the rising of Yeshua from the dead, thereby accomplishing his earthly mission: the redemption of humanity, victory over death and providing righteous immortality to the believers.

 On a less lofty yet practical note the word resurrection also means: rebirth, renewal and transformation which is something we can attain and accomplish here and now.  Transformation is not a strictly religious idea or notion although it is at the core of most organized religions today. Unfortunately we have consigned the notion of personal transformation to an idealistic naiveté, something one rarely accomplishes or if they do it’s done to earn more money, gain higher social status or some other goal such as losing weight.

All too often personal transformation is promoted by gurus who are in it for the money as they sell and hype their books and other media. Don’t allow hucksters and charlatans to dissuade you from actualizing your full potential! History has shown there are people who genuinely love humanity, who want us to grow and master the vicissitudes and challenges of life. The world’s most popular religions are based upon the teaching of enlightened beings like Moses, The Buddha, Yeshua bar Joseph, Muhammad, Zoroaster, Lao Tzu, Confucius and countless others. Their message to us is that transformation, rebirth, resurrection is possible and doable.

All of the great avatars and teachers, those known recorded and unknown, recognized that personal transformation takes arduous effort; there is no easy path to personal enlightenment and self-mastery. This truth is even more evident in a society like ours where conformity, groupthink, rigid social constraints, selfishness and grass materialism are the norm. The rulers of this social order have created a system whereby we are indoctrinated to fit into a mold to serve and enrich them by being their workers, their managers, overseers and enforcers. They tell us we are free and have equal opportunity but we really don’t because most of the time our options are limited to what they present as possible, acceptable and permissible even if it harms us or society.

Repentance means to change your mind, how you think what you believe you are capable of, it means having confidence in the latent powers within you; it is the first step in personal transformation. Personal transformation is a form of resurrection, rising from the uninspired thinking, moving beyond restrictions, constrictions and stultifying limitations. Transformation means getting out of the rut, a rut is nothing but a grave with open ends. Transformation means seeing beyond where we are and envisioning (visualizing) something different, meaningful and better.

The idea there is something better and greater for us can be scary, it goes against the grain; this is why most of the teachers who promote personal transformation are viewed by the keepers of the status quo as troublemakers, rabble rousers engaged in seditious activity. This is why Yeshua was lynched for sedition, why Socrates was murdered for teaching alien ideas (which he learned from our Nile Valley ancestors) or why Malcolm X, Martin Luther King Jr. and so many others were assassinated for their  divinely ordained work to free our people mentally, socially, economically and politically. 

As frightening as nonconformity, marginalization and ostracism can be, all too often the first and sometimes greatest opponent we face when we attempt to rise up and move beyond our present boundaries is ourselves! We are constrained by our beliefs, fears, doubts and habits. Our own lack of faith in ourselves and our innate powers and potential holds us back, keeps us in bondage to dead end ideas, unenthusiastic pursuits, lethargy and sloth which are a living death!

Rise up! There is a Divine Spark within you, allow it to energize and transform you. Introspection, quietude, trust and action are the keys to resurrection. Turn within; learn to distinguish between idle mind chatter and intuition the unlearned knowledge that while it may seem crazy is never wrong! Learn to cultivate your intuition and have the courage of your convictions because it will always prompt you to do things beyond your present comfort zone (habits patterns d proclivities). Unlike a lifeless corpse, we still have the Animating Life Force working within us. Stoke it, arouse it and allow it to transform our lives and bring us into positive notice; have the courage to allow it to do a great work in your life!



Saturday, April 09, 2022

Spin, Lies, Disinformation and Propaganda = Brainwashing


Spin, Lies, Disinformation and Propaganda = Brainwashing

Junious Ricardo Stanton


“We see the world through the lens of the major media-for most people that means television. Book newspapers, magazines and the Internet play a role, but the vast majority of people around the world get their information from television. And, if those who own the global media conglomerates, and those who run the television networks and cable channels decide to feed us disinformation and lies that serve the agendas of those in control, then instead of being told the truth, we wil learn not about the real world, but about the world they wish us to see, one that will serve their plan for global control.”


            Isn’t it fascinating how the monopoly corporate and digital media narratives so seamlessly shifted from constant COVID fear porn to all Ukrainian War 24/7/365? Is this a coincidence?  What is it about Ukraine that is more important than say the wars and conflicts going on in: Libya, Yemen, Ethiopia, South Sudan, Myanmar, Nigeria and Afghanistan and other places around the world?

            I call the corporate media the mind control apparatus because it has been co-opted by conglomerates, Big Tech, global governments and the ruling classes and deployed as a weapon to bludgeon and condition us to believe their artificial reality. We find ourselves in a similar situation to the 1998 motion picture The Truman Show where Truman Burbank the main character played by Jim Carrey lived in an artificial (fake) world created and maintained by television producers. The show followed Truman’s every move from his birth to the present and streamed live 24/7 for the world to see. Everything in his world was artificial; his parents (his father had been written off the show) his wife, the town he lived in, everything was fake.  The film was made before the advent of  TV “reality shows” which are  scripted and fabricated programs the shows’ producers in classic Orwellian doublespeak call “reality.”

            Instead of having a nefarious producer controlling our lives, we are subjected to the whims of corporate executives, bureaucrats, marketers and master manipulators. We are exposed to incessant messages overt and subliminal, dishonest commercials, propaganda, lies, images and content designed to manipulate us on deeply psychological and emotional levels. This is designed to influence our thinking (where we are not aware our thoughts are being programmed and manipulated), our purchasing habits (we are continuously tracked monitored and analyzed while sophisticated algorithms are used to stimulate and manipulate what we buy) our behavior (we imitate what we see and hear in the media) and our sense of reality (how we see the world and how we think it operates).

            Of course the media is not the only factor shaping our psyche and how we navigate in the world. Education better referred to as indoctrination, our parents, our peers and our socio-cultural milieu also play a pivotal role in how we think and act. We are conditioned to follow the herd. We are coerced and programmed to adopt a hive mentality and groupthink conformity.

            For example we have been lied to by our government on numerous occasions to get us to go along with their agenda, policies, wars and imperialist misadventures. We were lied to about the assassinations of John F. Kennedy, Malcolm X and Martin Luther King Jr. We were lied to about Slobodan Milosevic being a war criminal. We were lied to about 9-11 and Osama bin-Laden. We were lied to about Saddam Hussein’s weapons of mass destruction, we were lied to about Bashar al-Assad gassing his own people and we are being lied to daily about the Ukraine situation. They censor and suppress the truth!

            We are being lied to about the economy, inflation and the COVID “pandemic” a virus that has a 98.9% survival rate if you are relatively healthy with no serious comorbidities. The ruling oligarchs and their media deliberately misled us to hype the hysteria and reduce our critical thinking capacities so they could promote “vaccines” that are not vaccines in the technical or literal sense.

These jabs are ineffective because coronaviruses, like the common cold and flu for example, are constantly mutating so there is no vaccine that can ever eradicate them. The FDA, Fauci, the CDC and most public health bureaucrats lied out of ignorance, pressure, coercion or greed; it’s all about the money and power. In fact the inoculations are proving dangerously problematic due to the growing numbers of adverse side effects.,

When coronavirus mutate they usually become more communicable but far less deadly and lethal which is the real reason these new variants are not causing high death rates. The lower fatality rate is not due to the efficacy of the injections, because the fact of the matter is, the coronaviruses are not that lethal.

Don’t believe the government narratives and propaganda about Ukraine or the virus, it’s all hype and deception.



Thursday, March 03, 2022

Don't Fall for the Flim Flam



                                                               Don’t Fall For the Flim Flam

        Junious Ricardo Stanton


“The network behind this coup had actually started planning for the coup back in 2011. That’s when Eric Schmidt of Google, and Jared Cohen, also now of Google but still continuing though unofficially as U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton’s chief person tasked to plan ‘popular movements’ to overthrow both Yanukovych in Ukraine, and Assad in Syria.” How and Why The US Government Perpetrated the 2014 Coup In Ukraine by Eric Zuesse


            The COVID-19 fear porn, the lies and disinformation about inflation and the growing income inequality in the US and the truckers convey (the media basically ignores them)  have all been magically replaced on the front pages and the cable news networks by “coverage” of the Russian assault on Ukraine. The Western spin masters/machine is cranking up their usual disinformation, obfuscations and lies to cover the truth behind what is really going on.

The truth is the United States under President Barack Obama instituted a coup d’état in 2014 in Ukraine to set up a pro-Western quisling government. To see beyond the Western propaganda okey-doke and flim-flam please read the articles on these Websites:,, These articles offer another perspective on what is really going on in Ukraine and name some of the key people and forces behind the happenings. For another eye opening reality check watch the YouTube audio of a conversation between Assistant US Secretary of State Victoria Nuland and US Ambassador to Ukraine Geoffrey Pyatt talking about their plans for the coup and beyond

            The US government and their media sycophants lie and demonize leaders to create antipathy towards them to justify the wars, “police actions” and interventions  the US ruling class and its allies launch against them to toppled their governments, steal their natural resources or for geostrategic reasons. The US government and the ruling elites’ mind control apparatus are making Vladimir Putin out to the bad guy in the Ukraine situation just as it made Osama bin-Laden a villain (they said he orchestrated 9-11 from a cave in Afghanistan, still no solid proof of that), Saddam Hussein (they said he planned 9-11 and had WMDs, both lies), Muammar al-Qaddafi (NATO bombed his country, savagely murdered him and turned Libya into a failed state) and Bashar al-Assad (the US lied and said he gassed his own people). Do you see a pattern here?

The US political class and media have been demonizing Putin for years. Hillary Clinton and the Deep State claimed Putin interfered with the 2016 presidential election. A special prosecutor is still investigating that and several Clinton operatives were behind “Russiagate”. There are rumors indictments will be forthcoming; I’ll believe that when it happens. (The ruling class rarely gets indicted or goes to jail.)

In contrast nothing was said about Mark Zuckerberg’ Facebook and Cambridge Analytica’s actual attempts to influence the election outcome. What’s up with that?

We don’t question what the “experts” and government officials say because their pro-war barrage is constant; it unrelentingly repeats the same message over and over again. If you do ask questions, dissent or offer another perspective you are denounced as a traitor, a tin foil hat wearer, “conspiracy theorist” or crazy. They ignore you, marginalize you or unleash the full force of their brainwashing attack machine against you.

But even before the next Hitler de jure is manufactured and paraded before the public 24/7/365, we are prepped, brainwashed and programmed for war. The US loves war. The US has been on a constant war footing since before there was a United States of America.. This country has been at war 93% of its total existence. There have only been only twenty-three years when this country has not been at war during its entire existence!

If you want to know how they do it I suggest you read Mathias Chang’s book Brainwashed for War, Programmed to Kill: The Military Media Industrial Complex Behind The Cold War, the Vietnam War & The War on Terrorism

What we are being told by the corporate media and their digital platform cohorts is not the truth about Ukraine or much of anything else for that matter. Ukraine is not the victimized fledgling democracy being brutalized by big bad Vladimir Putin. Ukraine has been in the crosshairs of US imperialism for quite some time now. The US facilitated a coup in 2014 that helped Neo-Nazis gain a foothold in the government.

Last but not least Joe Biden and his son Hunter are neck deep in Ukraine side hustles. But for the most part the corporate media ignored these facts. You can see an official investigation final report here:

            There is more to this Ukraine situation than meets the eye, don’t fall for the flim-flam!     



Monday, February 14, 2022

The History of Fort Mose Florida


Fort Mose Florida

Junious Ricardo Stanton



“More than 300 years ago, courageous Africans escaped from enslavement in British colonies. They fled southward on foot to Spanish St. Augustine, crossing swamps and dense tropical forests. Along they way, they sought assistance from Natives, thus creating the first ‘underground railroad’”. The Fort Mose Story


Most people think the path to freedom for enslaved Africans in the British colonies and the US ran from the South to the North along the fabled “Underground Railroad”, but that is not the case. Blacks escaped via a Southern route to Florida and a few fled into the Mid-Western territories.

Spain had a different approach to slavery. Slavery existed in Spain but in Spain slaves who were mostly prisoners of war had rights they could own property and they could sue in court. As a strategic move King Charles II of Spain ordered the Florida colony to provide free haven to enslaved people from the British colonies. “In 1693, King Charles II of Spain ordered his Florida colonists to give runaway slaves from British colonies freedom and protection if they converted to Catholicism and agreed to serve Spain. The fugitive slaves from South Carolina who made it to Spanish Florida could expect to gain more control over their own lives, even as Spanish slaves. Between the late 17th and the mid-18th centuries, an unknown number of slaves from South Carolina successfully escaped to Florida. Spanish records note at least six separate groups of slaves who escaped from South Carolina to St. Augustine between 1688 and 1725. This policy of refuge encouraged fugitive slaves to flee to Spanish Florida with the hope of a better life if they made it to a Spanish outpost, and it gave the Spanish a weapon to use against the British. Spain’s policy toward runaways took laborers from the British colony and boosted its own colonial population to oppose the British.” Fort Mose Site Florida

The first actual Black settlement in Spanish Florida was Fort Mose it was founded in 1687. The Spanish who were bitter rivals of England France and the Dutch offered freedom to escaping enslaved people with the condition they pledge loyalty to the Spanish crown and convert to Catholicism. Most of the Africans who fled left South Carolina heading South to Florida. Escaped males had to serve in the Spanish militia. The hardy souls who made the trek had to traverse swamps and thick forests to make their way to St Augustine. Many did not survive the journey. The first to arrive was a small band that included only eight men two women and an infant child.

The escapees were a welcome addition because they provided skilled labor and men to man the fortified settlements. “The Spanish were glad to have skilled laborers, and the freedmen were also welcome additions to St. Augustine’s weak military forces. In 1738 the Spanish governor established the runaways in their own fortified town, Gracia Real de Santa Teresa de Mose, about two miles north of St. Augustine, Florida. Mose (pronounced “Moh- say”) became the first legally sanctioned free Black town in the present-day United States, and it is a critically important site for Black American history. Mose provides important evidence that Black American colonial history was much more than slavery and oppression. The men and women of Mose won their liberty through great daring and effort and made important contributions to Florida’s multi-ethic heritage.” Fort Mose America’s Black Fortress of Freedom

A fortified town was established and the Black men who arrived served in the militia defending the fort. “By 1738, more than 100 freedom seekers had achieved asylum. In that year, a fortified town named Gracia Real de Santa Teresa de Mose was constructed on St. Augustine’s northernmost border. Fort Mose became the site of the first free black community in what is now the United States.

A formerly enslaved African led the free black militia of Fort Mose. His name was Captain Francisco Menéndez. For years, the warriors valiantly protected St. Augustine. However, when Spain ceded all of La Florida to England in 1763, the citizens of Fort Mose once again faced enslavement. They abandoned the fort and sought safety in Spanish Cuba.”

The wars between Spain and England spilled unto their colonies and the British took Fort Mose in 1740. The residents fled to nearby St. Augustine but regrouped under their leader Francisco Menendez and subsequently retook the fort. “By 1738 there were 100 blacks, mostly runaways from the Carolinas, living in what became Fort Mose.  Many were skilled workers, blacksmiths, carpenters, cattlemen, boatmen, and farmers.  With accompanying women and children, they created a colony of freed people that ultimately attracted other fugitive slaves. When war broke out in 1740 between England and Spain, the people of St. Augustine and nearby Fort Mose found themselves involved in a conflict that stretched across three continents. The English sent thousands of soldiers and dozens of ships to destroy St. Augustine and bring back any runaways.  They set up a blockade and bombarded the town for 27 consecutive days.  Hopelessly outnumbered, the diverse population of blacks, Indians and whites pulled together.  Fort Mose was one of the first places attacked.  Lead by Captain Francisco Menendez, the men of the Fort Mose Militia briefly lost the Fort but eventually recaptured it, repelling the English invasion force.  Florida remained in Spanish hands and for the next 80 years remained a haven for fugitive slaves from the British colonial possessions of North Carolina, South Carolina and Georgia and later when these possessions became part of the United States.” Fort Mose Florida (1738-1820) James Bullock

Fort Mose was abandoned and was overrun by marsh. Fort Mose garnered attention in the mid twentieth century when archeologists began uncovering the ruins and discovering the African contribution to St Augustine Florida. The state of Florida acquired the twenty-four acre site and administers it through the Anastasia State Recreation Area. The area is located in a marsh so there is no public access to the actual fort site. In 1994 Fort Mose was designated a National Historic Landmark.